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German Shepherd Dog's personality and characteristics


German Shepherd Dog's personality and characteristics.

German Shepherd Dog's personality and characteristics.

A German Shepherd dog that also works as a police dog. Some people may have an image that they are cool and scary at the same time, but if they are properly trained in a breeding environment, they will become good companions for their owners as family dogs. Here, we will introduce the characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog's personality, body shape, constitution, and how to keep it.

The personality of the German Shepherd Dog

Personality of the German Shepherd Dog

  • mild-mannered
  • Obedience
  • vigilant
  • Full of curiosity
  • active
  • spoiled child

German Shepherd Dogs are highly intelligent and alert dogs, making them ideal for training as police dogs. They are obedient and friendly and will listen to what their owners say. On the other hand, it can be sensitive to strangers and dogs. Training and upbringing are important so that the inherent vigilance and loyalty do not turn into an aggressive personality.

It looks like a wolf and is often thought to be scary, but one of the charms of German Shepherd Dogs is their cute side that they are spoiled by their owners. They are active and playful, so giving them toys that stimulate their curiosity and giving them lots of physical activity through play will keep them in a good mood.

Characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog

Characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog


body weight

·         Male 30-40 kg

·         female 21-31 kg


·         male 60-65cm

·         female 55-60 cm

Male German Shepherd Dogs are 60 to 65 centimeters tall and weigh 30 to 40 kilograms, while females are 55 to 60 centimeters tall and weigh 21 to 31 kilograms. It looks like a wolf and is classified as a large dog, but its body size is compact.


Characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog (2)

German shepherds are mostly all-black in single colors, and brown or gray on a black background, black tan with a tan mark, and wolf color with a light base color is also popular. In recent years, rare coat colors such as white and yellow.

Many German Shepherd Dogs are short-haired breeds that emphasize workability, but there is also a long-coated type called Langstockharl, which has a mane and tail that looks like a decoration.

Body features

Body features

The body length is slightly longer than the body height, and the waist is lowered when viewed from the side. When they are puppies, they have droopy ears and a round face, but when they become adult dogs, they develop a fearless face with pricked ears. There are two types of German Shepherd Dogs: a training type that is easy to acquire obedience training such as a guide dog, and a show type for exhibitions, and the show type is characterized by a gentler line from head to tail.

It has a muscular body and agility, and its high jumping speed and speed make it useful as a police dog at crime scenes. When you run, your body is so low that your body is parallel to the ground, and you can take a big step forward.

Getting a German Shepherd Dog from a Breeder

Getting a German Shepherd Dog from a Breeder

German Shepherd Dogs are designated as specific dogs as dangerous dogs in some areas, so not everyone can keep them. In addition, since pet stores do not sell many puppies, most puppies are obtained through breeders.

Before proceeding to purchase, make sure that the breeder understands the breed, such as genetic diseases, checks the pedigree, and visits the kennel directly. If you are a beginner and want to keep a German Shepherd Dog, find a breeder who specializes in German Shepherd Dogs or a breeder with a lot of knowledge, and actively ask questions about how to keep them and what to do when they get sick.

How to become a foster parent for a German Shepherd Dog

How to become a foster parent for a German Shepherd Dog (2)

One way to add a German Shepherd dog to your family is to check out adoption agencies looking for shelters and adopters. Police dog training schools may recruit foster parents for trained adult dogs and puppies that are deemed unsuitable for training due to physical defects that do not interfere with daily life.

In addition to police dog training centers, public health centers, animal welfare centers, animal protection centers, private organizations, etc. are recruiting foster parents, so consider contacting the local government once.

How to keep a German Shepherd Dog


When raising a German Shepherd Dog as a family dog, it is better to keep it indoors rather than outdoors. By placing it near humans, it will begin to think about what is required of it and the role it has been given and will become a reliable member of the family. Feeling left alone can lead to problem behavior, so it is important to communicate well if you are outside.

Whether indoors or outdoors, provide a kennel with a door from the time they are puppies. Having a safe place to sleep makes it easier for them to understand their territory and train them. For indoor cats, it is convenient to have partitions for areas in the house where you do not want people to enter, and items that prevent electrical cords from being bitten. It is a dog breed that is strong against the cold and does not like the heat of summer, so let's take measures against the heat.


German Shepherd Dogs are big and active, so make sure you get plenty of exercise. It is advisable to take an hour-long walk every night. However, the dog may fall over if pushed or pulled, so the owner should be able to control the strength of the dog to some extent.


It is important for German Shepherd Dogs to build a strong trusting relationship with a person who gives instructions through training. If properly trained, it can be used as an answering dog.

They also have a strong bite force, so it's best to instruct them to "wait" on a daily basis and train them so that they don't develop problem behaviors such as jumping on people.


German Shepherd Dogs have sensitive stomachs, so feed them a diet that is easy to digest. The amount of food for large dogs is about 300 to 700 grams per day, but it varies depending on the size of the body. 


Due to the double coat, even short hair sheds. Brush thoroughly at least 3 times a week. Regardless of whether you keep it indoors or outdoors, it is important to shampoo it once a month and take care of its body odor.

German Shepherd Dogs have a lot of sebum secretion, so ear cleaning is essential for checking diseases such as otitis externa. Apply ear lotion and wipe off with absorbent cotton.

German Shepherd Dog Lifespan

German Shepherd Dog Lifespan

German Shepherd Dogs have an average lifespan of 9 to 13 years. Compared to small dogs, the average life expectancy is shorter, and it is also the timing when they are prone to major illnesses at the age of 8, 10, and 12, when they reach the wall of life expectancy. Be mindful of your diet, exercise, and stress on a daily basis.

Some large breeds show signs of aging around the age of seven. For your dog's health, regular check-ups and vaccinations are recommended to prevent early detection and treatment of diseases.

 Diseases German Shepherd Dogs Are Prone To

Diseases German Shepherd Dogs Are Prone To

    Degenerative myelopathy

Degenerative myelopathy, one of the diseases that German Shepherd Dogs are prone to develop, is a disorder in which nerve cells in the spinal cord degenerate, progressing to the hind limbs, forelimbs, and respiratory organs over a period of 1 to 3 years. To go.

The initial symptoms are similar to disc herniation and other neurological diseases, and it is difficult to detect early because it is a painless disease, so if you feel that your walking is strange, it is recommended to see a doctor as soon as possible. For degenerative myelopathy, exercise, as well as rehabilitation, is recommended, and supplements such as vitamins with antioxidant properties are expected to have a supplementary effect.

Hip dysplasia

German Shepherd Dogs are prone to hip dysplasia due to their slumped body. Developmental abnormalities can cause the normally tight connection between the acetabulum on the pelvic side and the femoral head on the femoral side to become loose and unstable.

Hip dysplasia can also cause arthritis and dysplasia, and symptoms such as difficulty standing and exercise intolerance appear during the growth period. It usually occurs on both sides of the joint, but in rare cases, it may occur on only one side. At the hospital, gait inspection, palpation, and X-ray inspection are performed, and if necessary, treatment may be performed by surgery.

Gastric torsion

Gastric torsion is a disease that tends to occur in German Shepherd Dogs, which have a deep-chested body, and causes digestive disorders by blocking the passage to the esophagus by twisting the stomach, which is greatly inflated due to the generation of gas. Poor blood circulation may lead to necrosis of surrounding organs and gastric walls, which may lead to circulatory insufficiency of the portal vein and posterior aorta.

Even if you are able to walk on your own at first, you may become unable to stand up due to abdominal pain and may even die, so be careful. If you notice vomiting, frequent belching, or hunchbacked breathing, call your veterinarian immediately.

Skin disease

Pyoderma is a purulent disease of the skin, and in the early stages, the skin peels off with hair and itches. Pyoderma in German Shepherd Dogs is said to be a hereditary disease and is characterized by many onsets in middle age.

It is mainly caused by bacteria infecting the pores, and it is said that it is involved in skin diseases such as flea dermatitis and flea allergy dermatitis, so as a preventive measure, we try to suppress bacteria with antibacterial shampoos. prize.

History of the German Shepherd Dog

History of the German Shepherd Dog

The German Shepherd Dog is derived from the Old German Shepherd, a herding dog that has been bred on German farms for a long time. The German Shepherd was born as a result of repeated improvements aimed at improving training performance by the German army, which focused on the high intelligence and athletic ability of the Old German Shepherd.

it is familiar with the abbreviation of "Shepherd", and by taking advantage of its excellent sense of smell and insight, it is dispatched to the scene of criminal investigations as a police dog and drug detection dog and is also active as a rescue dog and a guide dog at disaster sites.


   Difference Between German Shepherd Dog and White Shepherd

Difference Between German Shepherd Dog and White Shepherd

White Shepherd is a dog breed derived from the German Shepherd Dog, which is white all over the body, and refers to two types of dog breeds, "White Swiss Shepherd Dog" and "American Canadian White Shepherd".

In the past, white puppies were confused with albinos and were not recognized as German Shepherd dogs. Since then, the white Swiss Shepherd Dog has been improved to be whiter and has a gentler personality, and it has become recognized as a White Shepherd.

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