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Persian cats characteristics and appearance


Persian cats characteristics and appearance 

Introduction to the character and characteristics of Persian cats

The Persian cats already existed in the 1500s and are said to have the oldest history among cat breeds, but their exact origin is unknown.

Such Persians were systematically bred by breeders in the 1800s, and the prototype of the current figure was created by crossing many long-haired breeds.

When it appeared in the world's first cat show held in London, England in 1871, it quickly became popular due to its gorgeous and luxurious appearance.

 Shape, Size, and Appearance of Persian cats

It's hard to tell because it's covered in long hair but has a solid, muscular body. The average weight is 3 to 5.5 kg for males and 3 to 5 kg for females.

The short torso, short legs, and wide, dome-shaped head give the overall impression of being stocky.

A distinctive feature of the Persian cat breed is the concave nose bridge known as the peak face. The so-called flat-nosed face is very charming.

By the way, there are two types of Persian cat facial features. One is the traditional type with a straight nose, and the other is the extreme type with an extremely flattened nose, which is popular in the United States and elsewhere.

Persian cats characteristics and appearance.1 

Hair color, texture

It is worthy to be called the king of cats, and it is covered with glossy and thick fur, and it is very gorgeous. The hair is long overall, but the area around the neck, ears, and tail has a lot of long ornamental hair, so it has more volume. The fur is as soft as it looks and feels fluffy to the touch.

There are many different types of Persian coat colors.


Single color with no pattern.

Shaded & smoked

The tip of the hair is colored and the root of the hair is white.


A dark striped pattern enters the base color.

Silver & Golden

Also known as a chinchilla, it has a silver or gold color.

Party color

It contains multiple flavors.

Calico & Bicolor

The base is white, and colors such as black and red enter.


In organizations that do not recognize the Himalayan as a single species, the Himalayan color pattern is also a type of Persian cat.

Eye color

Eye colors include sapphire blue, gold, and green.

persian cats2

How to keep Persian cats

Breeding environment

Although he loves to play, he doesn't exercise much, and after a certain amount of movement, he gets tired and falls asleep. Persian Cats rarely climb high places to play, so a large cat tower or large exercise space is not necessary. Rather, provide a place where you can rest and take a break.

However, since they are very active when they are kittens, if you are raising them from a kitten, make sure that they have enough space for them to play.


Persian cats have a tendency to gain weight easily. However, the amount of exercise is small, and it is difficult to actively exercise due to personality, so you have to control weight with diet. It is difficult to see changes in body shape due to the large amount of hair, but please check the weight frequently and adjust the amount of food if it is over the appropriate weight. If you are giving treats, reduce the amount of food or avoid the treats themselves.


The most important thing in keeping a Persian cat is the care of its coat. It is characterized by its beautiful and rich coat, so careful brushing is necessary to keep it. Because of its soft fur, if you neglect to take care of it, it will quickly develop pills and tangles, so brush it at least once a day.

When brushing, carefully loosen tangles with a pin brush or slicker brush, and then use a comb.

If self-care is a little difficult, then using a trimming salon is one option.

Also, Persian cats have low noses, so they tend to cry easily. If left unattended, the hair will become discolored due to tear stains, so apply an eye cleaner and wipe the area around the eyes frequently.

Persian kittens


Because they are obedient to their owners, they are relatively easy to train. However, he has a tendency to go at his own pace, so if he doesn't feel like it, he may not listen to your instructions. In order to do discipline smoothly, it is recommended to do it when your cat is in a good mood.

Diseases to watch out for

The Persian cat is a cat breed with many genetic diseases. A disease called polycystic kidney disease, in which the function of the kidneys is reduced due to the formation of many cysts in the kidneys is said to be particularly easy to develop. It is a slow-growing, nasty disease with no effective treatment.
Another thing that Persian cats are prone to be lacrimation. This is a disease in which tears overflow from the eyes. Persian cats are born with a low nose, so the tear duct is narrow and tears flow easily. It's not life-threatening, but it can be stressful for cats because it always causes tears and inflammation.

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